Seek Guidance from a Qualified Natrona County Criminal Defense Attorney Your first instinct might be to panic if you find out that you have a warrant for your arrest. You might be confused as to what to do next. Running and hiding or even ignoring the warrant might seem like the best thing to do.  These feelings are perfectly natural and in line with our fight or flight response.  However, ignoring a legal problem is never a good option. Meanwhile, running and hiding could only make matters worse for you and your family. People around you might offer advice. Although family and friends might have your best interest at heart, they might give you information that hurts you in the long run. Therefore, the only advice you can trust comes from a highly qualified and experienced Wyoming criminal defense lawyer.   Why Do I Have a Warrant for My Arrest? Police and courts in Wyoming issue arrest warrants for a variety of reasons. Common reasons people face arrest warrants include: The police believe you committed a crime;You defaulted on a court appearance;You violated a term of your pre-trial release;The probation department alleges you violated probation; orYou failed to satisfy a monetary order of the court, like paying a fine or restitution. No matter the reason you have a Natrona County arrest warrant, these are serious legal matters. As a result, consulting a Wyoming criminal defense lawyer with a reputation for aggressively protecting people’s rights will give you your best defense when you go to court to remove the warrant. Court-Issued Warrants in Natrona County In Natrona County, courts classify warrants as either pre-adjudication or post-adjudication. Either way, having a warrant means the police can arrest you at almost any time, no matter where they find you. Pre-adjudication warrants arise if you allegedly violated an order of pretrial release. A judge can issue a pre-adjudication warrant based on a motion filed by the prosecution called a petition to show cause.  The prosecution usually asks the court to issue an arrest warrant because they argue you violated a term of release. Orders of release commonly issued by courts, in addition to posting bond, include: Stay away/no contact orders;Remain drug/alcohol free;Take random drug tests;Attend counseling; andDo not get rearrested. Post-adjudication warrants refer to warrants issued by the court for a probation violation or failure to follow a court order. For example, you may have failed to pay an installment for a fine or not completed a DUI class. You might have a warrant for your arrest for other reasons. You might have an arrest warrant because you did not pay child support or the police claim that you committed a new crime. No matter the situation, talk to a savvy Wyoming criminal defense lawyer before it is too late. How Do You Find Out About Natrona County Warrants? You can search for your name on the Natrona County warrants list if you think you might have a warrant issued by either the 7th Judicial District or 7th Judicial Circuit Court. The Natrona County Sheriff’s Office updates the list daily. However, the sheriff’s office maintains only the Natrona County warrant list. It does not include a statewide or nationwide search.  You might learn that you have a warrant from other sources. The police might go by an old address of yours. You could also find out that the State suspended your driver license or your concealed carry permit. The court may notify you by mail as well. You might even learn about a warrant if someone, such as a new employer, runs a background check on you.  Unfortunately, many people find out they have a warrant at the wrong time. People are often caught off guard when police pull them over for speeding. Additionally, sheriff’s deputies could arrest someone at work or in a public place like a shopping mall. Officers have no discretion. They must take you into custody and bring you to court if they learn about your warrant. I Saw My Name on the Natrona County Warrants List; What Should I Do Now? You need to act quickly. The first step you need to take is to call a criminal defense lawyer dedicated to protecting people’s rights. You might not know precisely why the court issued a warrant for your arrest. A criminal defense lawyer with a wealth of experience will help you learn more about the warrant. Then you and your lawyer can come up with a plan to minimize the intrusion an arrest warrant could have on your life.  Simply waiting for police to catch you, appearing in court to remove a warrant, or surrendering to the sheriff’s office without talking with a lawyer first could backfire. Instead, securing representation right away gives you some opportunity to take control of your situation. Your lawyer might talk to the prosecution about your warrant and agree on what should happen when you go to court. The prosecution might require you to post an additional bond or add further orders of release. At the very least, your attorney can arrange for you to come to court instead of the police arresting you.  Having a plan will also give you some time to take care of personal matters such as childcare, informing your employer, and gathering funds to post a bond.  Take Control of Your Situation If You Have a Natrona County Warrant Having a warrant for your arrest is not the end of the world, but you need to act. Otherwise, you could lose control over your life in a flash. At Cowboy Country Criminal Defense, we understand that mistakes happen. We’ve helped hundreds of clients who found themselves in a situation like you do now. We vow to do our best to help you resolve your warrant quickly and efficiently so you can go on with your life. Contact Cowboy Country Criminal Defense attorney Jeremy Hugus and his team immediately online or by calling 307-333-7884 for your best shot at freedom.

Can You Appeal a Conviction After Pleading Guilty? The decision to plead guilty to criminal charges is one you should never take lightly. Changing your plea from not guilty to guilty or pleading no contest comes with significant consequences. You might want to try to challenge your conviction if you face adverse consequences you didn’t know about.  Pleading guilty to a criminal charge often means that you cannot appeal the conviction. However, with some circumstances that arise under Wyoming law, there are ways a defendent can challenge a guilty plea. A highly experienced Wyoming criminal defense lawyer can advise you about appealing a conviction after pleading guilty. What Happens During a Guilty Plea? Plea bargaining is an essential part of our adversarial criminal justice system. Not all cases go to trial. In fact, most criminal cases never reach a trial. A person charged with a crime has the absolute right to take their case to trial. Notwithstanding, taking responsibility for your actions by pleading guilty or not contesting the facts of the case by tendering a nolo contendre (no contest) plea is advantageous. A guilty plea relieves the state of the constitutional burden they have to prove you guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. In turn, you get some benefits as well, like receiving a reduced jail sentence, deferred judgment, or a reduced charge. Therefore, both sides benefit. A guilty plea also gives the parties finality. The person who pleads guilty to a crime could work to put the incident behind them. Additionally, the victims of the accused’s actions could start to heal or be made whole once the case concludes.  Courts encourage plea negotiations as well. Judges understand that not all cases should go to trial. Juries have to decide some cases, but the criminal justice system would grind to a halt if every case went to trial. As a result, many prosecutors may offer defendants an incentive to plead guilty instead of taking their case to trial.  What Rights Do You Waive When Pleading Guilty? Each person has the right to a fair trial decided by a jury of their peers. Most people know that, but they do not fully understand what it means. At a trial, the accused has the right to: Receive all the evidence the state will introduce at trial before the trial begins;Be represented by competent counsel;Confront and cross-examine witnesses;Present evidence;Call witnesses and compel them to testify; andWaive their Fifth Amendment right to remain silent and testify on their own behalf. Under Wyoming law, a judge must ask you questions about your willingness to waive your due process rights to a fair trial. The judge must ensure you understand these rights and that you wish to waive them. What Are the Requirements of a Guilty Plea in Wyoming? Rule 11 of the Wyoming Rules of Criminal Procedure describes how you can plead guilty. The rule requires your judge to ask you a series of questions before accepting a plea. The judge must be sure that you knowingly, voluntarily, and intelligently waived your rights. The judge will ask questions to ensure that you are not under the influence of drugs, including prescription drugs and alcohol, and that you do not have a mental illness that prevents you from understanding the process. The judge must also take care to ask if you received any threats or promises to get you to plead guilty. The court will make sure that you understand the charges against you and the maximum penalties you face. Additionally, the judge will give you an immigration warning. The judge will ask if you and the prosecution agreed on a sentence. Additionally, the judge will make sure that the plea is accurate. The prosecutor will read a statement of facts into the record, and the judge will ask you if the facts are correct. The judge will not accept a plea if you deny the facts are true or want to offer a different version of what you say happened.  Why Is Appealing a Conviction After Pleading Guilty So Hard to Do? Pleading guilty to a case means that the defendant waives the right to contest the facts of the case. That means the defendant accepts the prosecutor’s version of events. You give up the right to tell your side of the story. In other words, once the judge accepts your guilty plea and enters judgment against you, you lose the right to maintain your innocence. How Can You Appeal a Conviction? Depending on your circumstances, you may have different options for challenging your conviction following a guilty plea. Conditional Guilty Plea Rule 11 of the Wyoming Rules of Criminal Procedure allows you to contest adverse rulings a judge made in the case, such as losing a motion to suppress, if you agree to plead guilty conditionally. The terms of the conditional plea must appear in writing and be given to the court. Despite your guilty plea, the condition allows you to appeal any adverse decisions. If you win the appeal, the court will allow you to withdraw your guilty plea. Motion to Withdraw In limited circumstances, you may file a motion and ask the court to let you withdraw your guilty plea. If you move to withdraw your plea before the court imposes your sentence, then the court may allow withdrawal for “any fair and just reason.” If you wait until after the court imposes the sentence, the court may permit withdrawal only to “correct manifest injustice.”  Some circumstances that might justify plea withdrawal include: Receiving incorrect legal advice from counsel;Tendering a plea when incompetent;Pleading guilty when the judge failed to grant you certain rights; andNot understanding the charges. Sometimes newly discovered evidence tending to show your innocence may suffice as grounds to withdraw your guilty plea. One example is evidence that a chemist at a drug lab tampered with thousands of samples, calling into question all the test results.  You must understand that you cannot withdraw your guilty plea simply because you have…

Is Poaching a Felony

Wyoming has strict laws that regulate hunting because wildlife is an integral part of Wyoming’s culture, heritage, and economy. Therefore, Wyoming game wardens, law enforcement officers, and prosecutors aggressively fight for harsh prison sentences, fines, and restitution. As with any criminal offense in Wyoming, a conviction for poaching could have severe consequences. A judge could sentence a convicted poacher to jail, assess fines, and order restitution. A restitution order could be extraordinarily costly, depending on the value of the animal taken. Therefore, you must seek representation from a dedicated, knowledgeable, and skilled poaching defense attorney from Wyoming to protect your rights.  Poaching Laws in Wyoming Wyoming law requires that each person who hunts for trophy game, small game, or fish have the correct hunting or fishing license. Wyoming hunting laws set the hunting seasons and also limit the methods hunters use to harvest game. Violating the game and wildlife laws, especially when hunting without authority, is poaching. Under Wyoming law, each hunter must have a hunting license. Additionally, each hunter must produce proof of a hunter’s safety certificate if asked for one. Furthermore, each hunter must attach the coupon to the animal before leaving the site. Coupons alert game wardens to the kill and prove the hunter lawfully harvested the animal. Similar provisions apply to fishing as well. Punishments for Poaching Poaching is a serious criminal offense in Wyoming. As with all crimes, the punishment for poaching depends on the severity of the crime and the individual’s criminal history. According to Wyoming hunting laws, killing a gray wolf without authority, big game, or a trophy animal without a license or during a closed season is a high misdemeanor. Officials can bring one charge for every animal taken. The penalty for a high misdemeanor under Wyoming hunting laws is a maximum of one year in jail and a fine of no more than $10,000. Poaching of other animals may also be a low misdemeanor. The penalty in Wyoming for a low misdemeanor poaching conviction is a maximum of six months in jail and a fine of no more than $1,000. Certain animals receive greater protection from Wyoming’s poaching law. The following game animals receive greater protection from poaching in Wyoming: Grizzly bear,Black bear,Mountain lion, Mountain goat,Horned antelope,Bighorn sheep,Antlered moose,Antlered deer, andAntlered elk. The crime remains a misdemeanor; however, the poaching fines range between $5,000 and $10,000. The offender may receive up to one year in jail. Additionally, the sentencing judge may order the offender to pay restitution for each animal killed. Felony Poaching Poaching is a felony in Wyoming in limited circumstances. Three poaching convictions for killing any of the animals listed above within 10 years is a felony. The maximum sentence for felony poaching is two years in prison and a fine between $5,000 and $10,000. Wanton destruction of a big game animal is also a serious poaching offense. The punishment for poaching under this law is one year in jail and up to $10,000 in fines. However, the crime becomes felony poaching if the person received two convictions in the previous ten years. Help with Your Wyoming Poaching Charges Facing poaching charges without a formidable criminal defense lawyer representing you could be dangerous. A poaching conviction means that the state will suspend your license to hunt. Convictions, even for misdemeanors, have collateral consequences that no one realizes until it’s too late. Any conviction could hurt your chances of getting a job, holding a professional license, obtaining a higher education, and finding housing.  In addition to having a conviction on your record, you will have to pay restitution. The court will order payment of restitution for each animal poached. The restitution costs alone could reach well into the thousands, which you will have to pay even if you went to jail. If you face poaching charges, contact Wyoming poaching defense attorney Jeremy Hugus and his team with Cowboy Criminal Defense today at 307-333-7884 to learn how he could help you. 

simple assault definition

Disagreements and arguments happen all the time. But if they become too heated or get out of control, one or more people may be charged with a crime, including simple assault. If you or someone you know is facing criminal charges, the information below will provide you with important knowledge, so you can better protect your legal interests. If you have questions or would like to learn more about simple assault in Wyoming, you should contact a Wyoming criminal defense attorney today. Working with a criminal defense attorney is your best shot at reducing the chances that you go to jail for your simple assault charge. What Is A Simple Assault Charge in Wyoming? Simple assaults can occur in a variety of circumstances but often arise during a disagreement or argument. Definitions of simple assault differ from state to state. Wyoming’s law classifies assault as a misdemeanor and punishes simple assault convictions with monetary fines. Under the statute, a simple assault occurs where a person attempts to harm another person or cause bodily injury unlawfully.  A simple assault charge does not require actual bodily injury. You can be charged just for attempting to do so.  Penalties for Simple Assault  Penalties for simple assault charges do not include any jail time. But if convicted, you will still face consequences that can have a significant impact on your life. Legal penalties for simple assault include: Monetary penalties up to $750 per charge; A misdemeanor charge that will appear on your criminal record;Court dates and associated fees and costs; andProblems with employment, child custody disputes, and other issues associated with having a criminal record. Understanding Different Types of Assault-Related Charges Understanding different types of assault-related offenses can be complicated and confusing, but important to know if you face criminal charges. Below are brief descriptions of different types of assault-related charges and their associated penalties. Assault Versus Battery  Assault and battery come up in numerous different contexts in news, social media, and popular entertainment. Many sources describe these terms as the same offense, but they are separate crimes and have some crucial differences.  A simple assault crime in Wyoming only requires proving that someone attempted to cause bodily injury to another personA crime of battery requires showing that a person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly caused another person bodily harm through physical force. Battery involves proving an actual injury, and a person charged with battery faces harsher legal consequences. Penalties for battery can include fines of up to $750 as well as up to six months in jail.  Unlawful Contact Wyoming law includes another type of offense that falls between a charge for assault or battery. Unlawful contact occurs where a person intentionally touches another person in an angry, rude, or impolite way but does not cause bodily injury. A person convicted of unlawful contact faces up to six months in jail, fines up to $750, or both.  Assault on a Household Member Wyoming’s law also distinguishes between simple assault and domestic assault, or assault by one household member against another. First-time domestic assault offenders face the same penalties as those for simple assault. However, if a person convicted of domestic assault committed another assault-related crime or a previous domestic assault, that person may face jail time in addition to a fine.  Do I Need a Wyoming Assault Lawyer? If you are charged with simple assault, remember that a criminal charge does not equal a conviction. A prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt each element, or part, of a criminal offense. Experienced Wyoming assault attorneys know and understand the elements of criminal assault and will investigate the facts of your case to develop a strong defense to protect your rights.  Some defenses to simple assault include:  Even if you did attempt to cause someone bodily injury, if you did it to protect yourself or someone else from harm, you may be able to claim self-defense;You could argue that you were aggressive because you were defending your property;You may be able to claim consent as a defense if you can prove that the other person consented, or agreed to, the attempted bodily harm; orShowing that you lacked the ability to cause bodily harm.  Any of the defenses above or combinations of the defenses could make up your legal strategy. How a Criminal Defense Attorney Defends You from a Simple Assault Charge Creating a successful legal defense can be a complicated process. Presenting a legal claim requires knowing and following extensive court procedures, rules, and methods for gathering and presenting evidence, writing court documents, and bringing a case to trial. Skilled criminal law lawyers spend years practicing and developing these skills, so they can best serve and protect their clients’ interests. An experienced criminal defense attorney can help you: Gather evidence, including investigations, police reports, witness testimonies, and other information necessary to build your defenseFile motions with the court Negotiate with the prosecution on your behalfDefend you and represent you if your case goes to trial Contact a Wyoming Criminal Defense Lawyer Today If you or someone you know is charged with simple assault, you may not know what to do next. We understand this can be a stressful and challenging time, and our highly experienced Wyoming assault attorneys and staff will support you through the process. Our criminal defense attorney Jeremy Hugus has extensive experience defending his clients’ rights against criminal defense charges. He has a proven track record of success and fights relentlessly on behalf of his clients. Reach out to the team at Cowboy Country Criminal Defense by filling out an online form or calling 307.333.7884 today. Our qualified team will provide you with the legal advice and representation you need.

You have the right to have an attorney represent you if you are under arrest or facing criminal charges in Wyoming. The time after an arrest could be very stressful. You might have questions about how to choose an affordable Wyoming criminal defense attorney. You might even question whether hiring an attorney is the best thing for you to do.  Your freedom is not cheap; it is invaluable. A conviction for any offense could cause you to experience significant hardships. You are more than the charges you face. The Wyoming criminal defense team with Cowboy Country Criminal Defense will work closely with you to develop a successful defense for any charge in Casper and anywhere in Wyoming.  How Do I Know If I Need a Lawyer? Your best bet to avoid a harsh punishment or avoid a conviction altogether is by hiring a criminal lawyer to represent you. You should have a lawyer with experience and a wealth of knowledge by your side any time you appear in court, answer to criminal charges, or face police questioning. Any attempt you make to try to work things out by yourself might be disastrous. You will not be able to hire a cheap criminal defense attorney to unravel the mess.  What Does a Criminal Defense Attorney Do? A criminal defense attorney is your advocate. A criminal defense attorney is the only person who stands between you and the long arm of the law. Criminal defense lawyers make sure that the playing field is level for you. Maybe you think you will get the same results if you hire a criminal defense attorney cheap. A criminal defense lawyer with a lack of experience or resources might be inexpensive. However, you could pay a steep price with your freedom. Why Should I Pay for a Lawyer? Can’t the Court Give Me One? You cannot receive representation by the public defender unless the court rules that you are indigent. Even if you do not have a lot of money, hiring a criminal lawyer might be the best option. Public defenders have minimal resources. They are often overworked and carry large caseloads. You might not receive the individualized attention from the public defender you will receive if you hire a criminal defense lawyer.   Why Shouldn’t I Represent Myself? Criminal law and procedure in Wyoming are complex. Representing yourself means that you understand the relevant laws and procedural rules. The prosecutor cannot give you legal advice, and neither can the judge. You have nowhere to turn if you cannot research the law or have a question about a tactical decision. People believe that they can represent themselves better than a lawyer can because they know what happened. However, you must present your case carefully and strategically. One wrong move means that you could lose your negotiating position or forfeit your rights.  Self-representation is way too risky. Allowing an experienced Wyoming criminal defense attorney to handle your case instead of representing yourself could make a tremendous difference for you and your future. How Do I Determine the Cost of an Affordable Wyoming Criminal Defense Attorney Near Me? The cost of an affordable Wyoming criminal defense attorney depends on many factors. An affordable criminal defense attorney must consider: The severity of the charges;The likelihood of a trial;The chances of resolving the case before trial; andThe pre-trial litigation required to give you the best chance, such as arguing motions to dismiss and suppress. Other considerations could play into the cost of a criminal defense lawyer. You have to consider the possibility you will regret hiring a defense attorney cheap rather than securing the services of a highly rated criminal lawyer. Call Cowboy Country Criminal Defense Today with All Your Questions  If you’re wondering, Is there an affordable criminal defense attorney near me? look no further than Jeremy Hugus and Cowboy Country Criminal Defense. Jeremy and his team will work with you on a fee that ensures you receive the level of advocacy you deserve. Jeremy has earned his reputation as a tough negotiator and brave criminal trial lawyer. He’s not afraid to stand up for you. Contact Cowboy County Criminal Defense right now at 307-333-7884 before it’s too late.

what to do when someone gets arrested

Getting arrested is a stressful situation. You need to do what you can to protect your rights. Having an understanding of what to do when arrested by police could help you avoid making matters worse. Also, understanding what to do after being arrested is necessary to safeguard your best interests. As experienced Wyoming criminal defense lawyers, our team with Cowboy Country Criminal Defense aggressively represents our clients in and out of court. As seasoned criminal trial attorneys, we will develop a defense strategy with your best interests in mind.  What to Do When You Get Arrested Knowing what to do when someone gets arrested in Wyoming is as important as knowing what not to do. Here are a few things to keep in mind if you get charged. You should: Be respectful with the police;Remain as calm as possible;Ask what your charges are;Ask about your bail status;Ask for your phone call; andAsk for your lawyer immediately.  Be aware that police stations and sheriff’s offices have surveillance cameras everywhere. They might record your calls or have the booking officer listen. Do not say anything about your case over the phone. You could tell the person you called where you are, let them know your bail status, and ask them to call a Wyoming criminal defense lawyer. Understand that the arrest and booking process might not be pleasant. Let the officers do their job, even if you believe that they treated you unfairly. An arrest starts the judicial process, and you will have an opportunity to plead your case to a judge later.  What Not to Do If You Are Under Arrest Law enforcement officers are human. We know they make mistakes. You should realize that most law enforcement officers just want to go home at the end of their shift. We recognize that some officers, being human, are also bad cops. Let us do our job protecting you and your future. Based on our experience, we know that you should avoid: Fighting with the police;Resisting arrest;Acting disrespectfully;Trying to escape or destroy property; or Making threats. You compound your legal problems when you do any of these things. Rest assured that we know how to develop a defense strategy even if you were not a model prisoner. Do Not Talk to the Police We advise you not to talk with the police. You have a right to speak to investigators if you want. However, you should know that the police are not on your side if you decide to talk with them. The law allows the prosecution to share your statements with the judge or jury at your trial. Therefore, talking with the police could mean that the State will use your words against you. The Miranda Warnings The police must give you the Miranda warnings before they start interrogating you after your arrest. These warnings apply only when you are in custody and the police ask you non-booking questions. The Miranda statement given by police should warn you that: You have the right to remain silent;You have the right to talk to a lawyer before answering questions;Anything you say can be used against you; andYou have the right to an attorney free of charge if you cannot afford one. Smart investigators might resort to trickery to get you to talk. Investigators are known for trying to engage in casual conversation, invite you to tell your side of the story, or use other subtle tricks to get you talking. They also know how to keep you talking once you start. Also, police officers cannot and must not give legal advice. Don’t ask. Resist the temptation to talk, and immediately ask for your lawyer if the police try to talk with you. You can’t talk your way out of an arrest, and the court cannot hold your silence against you.  The law is on your side. We will file motions designed to throw your statements out of evidence if you speak with the police. However, you should assume that the police and prosecutors will try to use as much evidence against you as they can. Refusing Consent to Search You have a right to refuse consent to search your property. The police cannot search items like your home or cell phone without your permission unless they have a search warrant. Do not help the police convict you by giving them your consent to search your private property.  You always have the right to refuse to consent. Refusing consent, like remaining silent, cannot be used against you in court. Call a Wyoming Criminal Defense Lawyer with a Track Record of Results Jeremy Hugus and his team with Cowboy Country Criminal Defense believe you are more than your charges indicate. Jeremy is a top-rated criminal defense lawyer whose mission is to ensure that you receive the best defense possible. Call Jeremy and our team with Cowboy Country Criminal Defense today at 307-333-7884 to talk with us about your Wyoming criminal case. Knowing what to do when someone gets arrested in Wyoming is hard. Call us for help.

wyoming domestic violence laws

Domestic violence occurs when a household member attempts to cause or causes bodily injury to another household member. Most of the time, domestic violence charges are a form of misdemeanor simple assault and battery. However, more serious situations, such as those involving weapons or strangulation, can be charged as felonies. In Wyoming, a household member includes: Current and former spouses,Individuals who currently or previously lived together in a romantic relationship,Adults sharing living quarters,Parents and their adult children,Individuals who previously dated or are currently dating, andIndividuals who have a child together. If you face domestic violence charges in Wyoming, you should contact a Wyoming domestic violence defense attorney today. Laws and Penalties Common Wyoming domestic violence laws include domestic assault, domestic battery, and strangulation of a household member. Domestic Assault Wyoming law defines domestic assault as when a household member unlawfully attempts to cause bodily injury to another household member. A first-time domestic assault offense carries a punishment of up to six months in jail and/or up to a $750 fine. The punishment increases to a maximum of one year in jail and/or a $750 fine if the offender has previously been convicted of domestic assault or has been convicted of any of the following crimes: Domestic battery,Simple assault,Battery,Child abuse,Strangulation of a household member,Aggravated assault and battery,Reckless endangerment,Unlawful contact,Kidnapping,Felonious restraint, orFalse imprisonment. A court can also impose a sentence of up to three years of probation in addition to jail time and fines. Domestic Battery In Wyoming, domestic battery occurs when a household member knowingly or recklessly causes bodily injury to another household member by use of physical force. A first-time domestic battery offense carries a punishment of up to six months in jail and/or up to a $750 fine. However, the punishment increases to a maximum of one year in jail and/or a $1,000 fine if the offender has previously been convicted of domestic battery or any of the other crimes listed above within the past five years.  Additionally, if the offender has been convicted of domestic battery two or more times within the past 10 years, or domestic battery and any of the other crimes listed above, the punishment increases to a maximum of 10 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. Strangulation of a Household Member Wyoming law defines strangulation of a household member as intentionally and knowingly or recklessly causing or attempting to cause bodily injury to another household member by impeding their breathing or blood circulation through: Applying pressure on the household member’s throat or neck, orBlocking the household member’s nose and mouth. Strangulation of a household member is a felony and carries a punishment of up to 10 years in prison. How a Wyoming Domestic Violence Defense Attorney Can Help You If you face domestic violence charges in Wyoming, hiring a domestic violence defense attorney gives you the best chance at reducing or eliminating your charges. Jeremy Hugus and our team at Cowboy Country Criminal Defense understand the seriousness of a domestic violence accusation. We will keep you informed throughout the criminal defense process and aggressively fight to get you the best possible result. Contact us today to schedule your free consultation.

when does stealing become a felony

If you were charged with theft in Wyoming, you may be wondering, When does stealing become a felony? Theft charges and penalties in Wyoming vary depending on the facts of the case and the value of the stolen property. When stealing changes from a misdemeanor to a felony, the consequences can be significant. Whether you face a misdemeanor or a felony theft, you should contact an experienced criminal defense attorney as soon as possible to ensure that you get the best outcome for your case.  Theft Charge Laws in Wyoming In Wyoming, a person is guilty of theft if he or she knowingly takes the property of another person with the intent to deprive that person of the property. Note that the law states the theft must be done knowingly. This means that to be charged with theft in Wyoming you must have intended to steal the property in question.  The Difference Between a Misdemeanor Theft and Felony Theft Theft can be a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the value of the stolen property as well as the underlying facts of the case. For example, if the defendant used a firearm during the theft, then it may be charged as aggravated robbery or burglary. Both charges carry harsher potential penalties than misdemeanor or felony theft.  Misdemeanor Theft Laws in Wyoming If the stolen property is worth less than $1,000, the theft will be charged as a misdemeanor. A misdemeanor theft is punishable by a fine of up to $750, up to 6 months in jail, or both. Examples of theft charged as misdemeanors in Wyoming include: Auto theft;Defrauding an innkeeper;Obtaining property by false pretenses;Unlawful use of theft detection shielding device; Breaking into a coin machine;Taking possession of land; andTelecommunications fraud. Although these crimes commonly result in misdemeanor charges, they can be charged as felonies if the value of the stolen property exceeds $1,000.  Felony Theft Laws in Wyoming  If the stolen property is worth $1,000 or more, the theft will be charged as a felony. Felony theft is also sometimes known as grand theft. A felony theft is punishable by a fine of up to $10,000, up to 10 years in jail, or both.  Other theft crimes that are charged as felonies in Wyoming include: Auto theft (may depend on the value of the stolen car);Carjacking;Robbery;Burglary;Possession of tools to commit burglary; and Cattle or livestock theft.  Penalties for the above offenses include up to 10 years in jail and fines of up to $10,000.  Contact a Defense Attorney Today  Cowboy Country Criminal Defense is a team of passionate Casper-based criminal defense attorneys. We represent defendants across Wyoming in all kinds of criminal cases. Contact us today online or by calling 307-333-7884. We will work with you to develop your case, step by step and fight for the best outcome. 

defrauding an innkeeper

You might be asking, what does defrauding an innkeeper mean? Defrauding an innkeeper is a legal term that covers a number of different thefts, largely the use or enjoyment of different types of services without paying for them. What is defrauding an innkeeper in Wyoming? In non-legal terms and help you understand the possible charges and penalties you face. Defrauding an innkeeper, also known as “dine and dash,” is a punishable offense in Wyoming.  Wyoming Laws Related to Defrauding an Innkeeper  What is defrauding an innkeeper in WY? Wyoming Statute 6-3-406 prohibits taking, ingesting, or using products or services from a business without paying. Examples of defrauding an innkeeper include: Eating at a restaurant without paying;Staying at a hotel without paying; andGetting gas at a gas station without paying. Defrauding an innkeeper in Wyoming can be a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the value of services used. Defrauding an innkeeper is a specific intent crime. This means that a person charged with defrauding the innkeeper must have had the intent to defraud at the time the theft occurred.  Penalties The penalties for defrauding an innkeeper depend on whether the charge is a misdemeanor or a felony. Defrauding an innkeeper is a misdemeanor if the value of stolen services is less than $1,000. If the value of stolen services is $1,000 or more, defrauding an innkeeper is a felony offense in Wyoming. A misdemeanor conviction carries a potential fine of up to $750, up to 6 months in jail, or both. A felony conviction carries a potential fine of up to $10,000, up to 10 years in jail, or both.  Defenses The best defense to a charge of defrauding an innkeeper is lack of intent to defraud. If you didn’t pay for your meal or your hotel room because of a miscommunication or because you forgot, were distracted, or thought someone else paid, you may be able to argue the defense of lack of intent or an honest mistake.  How a Wyoming Defense Attorney Can Help  If you’ve been charged with defrauding an innkeeper in Wyoming, you should seek the advice of an experienced criminal defense attorney. A Wyoming criminal defense attorney will be able to answer questions like, An experienced attorney will work with you to develop a case strategy that reflects your best interests. An attorney will represent you in court and negotiate with prosecutors to seek the best outcome for your case and for your future.  Contact Us Today  Cowboy Country Criminal Defense is a Casper-based law firm that represents defendants across the state of Wyoming. We will work with you to develop your case, and we will negotiate with prosecutors to protect your rights and promote your best interests. Contact us today online or by calling 307-333-7884 and let us represent you.

Will My Text Messages and Social Media Posts Be Admissible in Court

Are text messages admissible in court? If you are in a case where your texts might be relevant, you may be wondering if they are admissible. Whether your text messages could help you or hurt, you’ll want to know how the court will treat them. If you have been recently charged and need to know if your text messages will be used in court reach out to a criminal defense attorney to get more details. The truth is, text messages are a new area for the law to consider. So is social media. “I felt helpless and hopeless…” When I reached out to Jeremy, I felt helpless and hopeless. Jeremy gave me my voice back. I tried to take care of legal issues on my own but my situation only got worse. Hiring Jeremy was the best choice. He was professional, honest and made me proud to have him on my side. – Carrie G. The rules on evidence have been around for many years. Fast, ubiquitous, and electronic forms of communication didn’t exist before, so courts are trying to apply old rules to new mediums. Texting and social media are very new ways to communicate in general. But, they are especially new for courts deciding whether or not they can be admissible as evidence. The problem becomes when text messages have a particular value or can provide insight into a case. Since many of us don’t chat on the phone anymore, text messages often provide the bulk of communication between parties. Social media posts can also give a lot of insight into someone’s thoughts or actions. They can even log where an individual was at a specific time. If you are in the middle of a criminal case, it can be very stressful to wonder, “Are text messages admissible in court?” Here, we’ll go over everything you need to know about the admissibility of text messages and social media posts. So, how do courts handle these new communication forms? The answer, like many answers in the law, is “it depends.” What is admissible evidence? Before discussing text messages and social media specifically, we must consider the definition of admissible evidence. Admissible evidence is anything relevant to a case that would make a material fact more or less probable. If evidence is not relevant, the court will not allow it. Admissible evidence can include the following: Witness testimonyPhotographsRecordingsWritten documents or statementsPhysical or digital objectsScientific or medical resultsCharts or displays for the jury Even relevant evidence may be subject to exclusion if it is unreliable or could confuse or mislead jurors. It could also be subject to exclusion if it would unfairly prejudice the jurors against the defendant. Relevant evidence may also be inadmissible if it is hearsay. What is hearsay? Hearsay is a hurdle that the parties need to cross to admit statements that weren’t made in court. The definition of hearsay is a statement not made in court offered as evidence to prove its veracity or truth. For example, imagine you sent a text message to a friend that said, “Bob vandalized Jane’s car.” If Jane’s attorney tried to admit your text as evidence that Bob did it, this would be hearsay. The general rule on hearsay is that it is inadmissible. However, there are many exceptions to hearsay which would allow certain statements into evidence. Are text messages hearsay? Given the hearsay rule, are text messages hearsay? Yes, under the definition of the term, text messages and social media posts are hearsay. They are statements made outside of court, which are generally introduced to prove the truth of the text or post. However, courts have largely allowed texts and social media posts under various exceptions to the hearsay rule. Sometimes, a court will allow them to show a fact other than the content of the message. For example, they may show that the parties had a close relationship. If you are wondering if your texts or posts are admissible, it’s better to prepare yourself: they likely will be. What else does the court consider admissible evidence? For evidence to be admissible, the party introducing it needs to authenticate it. Authentication is the process of proving that something is what the party claims it to be. For texts and social media, authentication would mean showing that the text or post was actually a text or post from the party who supposedly sent it or posted it. For online communications, authentication can happen by showing that online communication came from a phone number or account associated with the person who purportedly sent or posted it. Depending on the court, this may not be an acceptable method of authentication for online communications. After all, other people can access online accounts and cell phones that they do not own. The court may require additional information for authentication. Can text messages be used in criminal court? In Wyoming, the criminal court will generally allow text messages and social media posts. Wyoming has a rule which allows the prosecutor to bring in a text or post by the defendant. (Wyoming Rule of Evidence 801(d)(2)). They will still need to be authenticated, but if a prosecutor wants to introduce them against the defendant, they can. If a defendant wanted to bring in a text message or social media post that they sent or posted themselves, they would need to get around the hearsay rule. So, are text messages admissible in court? Generally, you should anticipate your texts and social media posts being admissible in court. Although they will need to meet evidentiary standards and get around evidentiary exclusions, courts in Wyoming are likely to allow them in. No matter what, when sending electronic messages or posting things online, consider that everything you say may come back to you in the future. If you are in a criminal case and have concerns about text messages or social media posts you may have sent, contact the team at Cowboy Country Criminal Defense. We can help guide you…